Have you noticed that eye wrinkles are more pronounced than forehead wrinkles? A 2015 study shows that wrinkles tend to be deeper where sebaceous glands are less concentrated—the outer corners of the eyes.
Dr. Nitin Chauhan explains that sebaceous glands are “microscopic glands that secrete sebum, an oily or waxy material, which lubricates the skin and protects it from water damage.” Another observation the study presented was that greater gland density was associated with a thicker dermal skin layer—the second layer of skin.
What about under eye wrinkles?
The skin under and around the eyes is one of the most sensitive areas of the face. It has thin skin, a lot of blood vessels and a lack of oil glands to produce and maintain moisture in the area.
Our skin naturally thins over time, and this causes it to lose its resiliency. Thinner skin is not as sturdy and collapses more easily under gravity and other factors.
Also, during pre-menopause years, we undergo hormonal changes that decrease the production of collagen resulting in skin that is not firm or hydrated.
Then, there are those little habits like frowning and smiling that contribute to the formation of wrinkles under the eyes. Many people get wrinkles at an early age because of squinting due to not wearing sunglasses or the proper prescription vision glasses.
Excessive alcohol or smoking can also inhibit your body from making elastin and collagen in the skin. Smoking deprives skin cells of nutrients, like antioxidants, and this takes away the skin’s ability to heal itself. The effects were particularly noticeable around the eyes because of the thin skin in the area.
What can you do?
Sadly, getting wrinkles is bound to happen as we age. Over time the skin loses its elasticity and its ability to go back to its natural state. Like the proverb teaches “an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.” So, start taking good care of your skin as early as possible. Here are a few pointers:
- Eat more fruits and vegetables
- Drink lots of water to keep your eye area hydrated and moisturized.
- Eye makeup removers contain oils, and these oils can be beneficial. Leave eye make remover on your lids for a couple of minutes before you gently wipe off your makeup.
- Don’t get your eyebrows waxed. The hot wax heats your skin, and it reaches every little crevice and pore. Then, the strip is vigorously ripped off your fragile eye area. This action stretches and pulls the elasticity of your eye skin to its limits.
- Tenderly remove false eyelashes with eyelash glue remover. Don’t carelessly rip them off.
- Be conscious of your actions when you insert contact lenses. Maybe you don’t need to extend your eyelid so far down nor lift your lids so high.
- Wear sunglasses. Keep an extra pair in your car. Your sun specs will keep you from squinting and will keep you safe from UV rays. Sunglasses labeled “UV 400” will protect you from 99% of UVA and UVB rays.
- Wear sunscreen every day. Coat your face (including eye area) with SPF 30 even if you’re wearing UV 400 sunglasses. The sun’s rays can still reach your eyes from the sides, tops and bottoms of your sunglasses so put sunscreen around your eyes. I’ll admit that I need to work on this point.
- Besides getting enough sleep check your sleeping position. If you’re sleeping on your face for 8-6 hours every night, you are ironing wrinkles right into your skin. Learn to sleep on your back.
This is a lot to think about. But, by being aware and making conscious decisions to protect the skin around your pretty peepers you will keep those unsightly eye wrinkles at bay.